What is a tribological test?

What is a tribological test?

Tribology combines the science and engineering of interacting surfaces in relative motion with the study of friction, wear and lubrication. Tribology is everywhere. It is used in the automotive, aerospace, cosmetic and manufacturing industries to test, improve and evaluate any and all liquid or viscous substances.

What is the wear test?

Friction, Wear, and Abrasion Resistance Testing Methods On the other hand, a wear test measures the changes in conditions caused by friction, and the result is obtained from deformation, scratches, and indentations on the interacting surfaces.

What are the four components of a wear system?

Wear mechanisms:

  • 3.1 Adhesive wear: Adhesive wear is the undesired movement and adhesion of wear debris and material compounds from one surface to another that occurs in frictional contact between surfaces.
  • 3.2 Abrasive Wear:
  • 3.3 Corrosive wear:
  • 3.4 Surface fatigue:

How do you classify the wear?

Wear processes may be classified as sliding wear, rolling wear, oscillation wear, impact wear and erosive wear, depending on the kinematics of the system. Other descriptions of wear processes includes the physical state of the counterbody, e.g. solid or liquid,or the angle of action.

What is tribological surface?

The tribological surface is the result of the surface interacting with the environment. This interaction can take the form of a metal interacting with the environment to form oxides, nitrides, or hydroxides. Interaction with environments other than air can produce different surface films.

Why is wear testing important?

A precision instrument used for wear testing allows the operator to control critical inputs such as speed; test load; stroke length and other factors. This is an integral part of reducing variation and ensuring results will be repeatable and reproducible.

What factors affect wear?

The main factors affecting wear and galling are:

  • design,
  • applied load,
  • contact area and degree of movement,
  • lubrication,
  • environment,
  • material properties (surface finish, hardness and steel microstructure).

What are the laws of wear?

Wear is a process of gradual removal of a material from surfaces of solids subject to contact and sliding. Damages of contact surfaces are results of wear. They can have various patterns (abrasion, fatigue, ploughing, corrugation, erosion and cavitation).

What is the importance of tribology?

Role of Tribology in Energy Efficiency Tribology is particularly important in today’s world because so much energy is lost to friction in mechanical components. To use less energy, we need to minimize the amount that is wasted. Significant energy is lost due to friction in sliding interfaces.

What are laws of wear?

What is wear failure?

Under the assumption that wear failure is actually a surface failure caused by stressing of materials at their outermost fibres, it has been postulated herein that stressing materials during a wear process by imposing external normal stresses will eventually affect the stress state at the material surfaces within the …

What is tribology and why is it important?

Tribology is an interdisciplinary field that includes mechanical engineering; materials science and engineering; chemistry and chemical engineering; and more. This wide variety of skills is necessary because many different physical phenomena occur at a sliding interface.

What is pin on disc wear test?

The pin-on-disc sliding wear test is a commonly used tribological characterization technique to estimate the coefficient of friction and the wear mechanism of diamond films.

What is wear in engineering?

Wear is a process that involves the interactions between surfaces and, more specifically, the removal and deformation of material from a surface as a result of mechanical action of the contacting object through motion.

What are the causes of wear?

The main causes of wear are first mechanical constraints like abrasion or erosion, and second chemical reactions weakening the material like corrosion.