Who is the first king of Portugal?

Who is the first king of Portugal?

Afonso I
Afonso I, first king of Portugal). A warrior’s son and a fighter himself. His wish of independence became real in 1179. The Kingdom of Portugal emerged in the 12th century connected with the process concerning the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula.

Why did the king of the Kongo write to the king of Portugal?

Annotation. In 1526, the king of the Kongo, Nzinga Mbemba (who by this time had adopted the Christian name of Afonso I) began writing a series of twenty-four letters to the Portuguese King Joao III appealing for an end to the slave trade.

What did King Alfonso I do?

He achieved the independence of the County of Portugal, establishing a new kingdom and doubling its area with the Reconquista, an objective that he pursued until his death. Afonso was the son of Teresa of León and Henry of Burgundy, rulers of the County of Portugal.

What is King Alfonso famous?

He is sometimes called “The Apostle of Kongo” for his role in making Kongo a Christian kingdom. Nothing is known of his early life; most of what is known of his later life originates from a remarkable series of letters he wrote between 1509 and 1541 to various kings and government officials in Lisbon and Rome.

Which king was converted to Christianity by the Portuguese?

Mavura enlisted Portuguese aid in deposing his uncle Kapranzine as emperor in 1629. Converting to Christianity, he took the name Filipe and swore vassalage to the king of Portugal.

Why did relations between Kongo and Portugal deteriorate?

Over time, though, relations between Kongo and Portugal deteriorated, particularly after Portuguese agents began to pursue opportunities south of Kongo. By 1665 Portuguese colonists to the south even went to war with Kongo. Portuguese forces quickly defeated the Kongolese army and decapitated the king.

Who introduced Christianity to the kingdom of Kongo?

In 1491, King Nzinga converted to Christianity and urged the Kongo nobility and peasant classes to follow suit. To varying degrees, the Kongo kingdom remained Christian for the next 200 years.

When did the Portuguese bring Christianity to Kongo?

The earliest evidence for the adoption of Christian religious practices in the area of the modern-day Democratic Republic of the Congo dates to the late 15th century.

What religion did the Kongo royalty practice?

The Kongolese nobility swiftly adopted Christianity for several reasons. The first is that the nature of the centralized government and the hierarchically structured society facilitated the dissemination of information.

Was Congo a Portuguese colony?

From c. 1390 to 1862 it was an independent state. From 1862 to 1914 it functioned intermittently as a vassal state of the Kingdom of Portugal.

What was the relationship between Kongo and Portugal?

During his reign, Afonso extended Kongo’s relations with Portugal, reaching an agreement (the Regimento, 1512) with Manuel I of Portugal by which the Kongo accepted Portuguese institutions, granted extraterritorial rights to Portuguese subjects, and supplied slaves to Portuguese traders.

How did the Portuguese weaken the Kingdom of Kongo?

The kingdom went into decline from the mid-16th century CE when the Portuguese, put off by the interference of Kongo’s regulations on trade, moved their interests further south to the region of Ndongo. The latter kingdom had already defeated a Kongo army in 1556 CE.