Who built the Parthenon?

Who built the Parthenon?

Construction of the Parthenon began in 447 B.C. Its design is credited to two architects, Ictinus and Callicrates, as well as the sculptor Phidias.

Who was the Parthenon dedicated to?

the goddess Athena Parthenos
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built between 447 and 438 BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos. The word parthénos (παρθένος) meant ‘maiden, girl’ or ‘virgin, unmarried woman’.

Who owned the Acropolis?

The first inhabitants we can trace to the Acropolis of Athens were Mycenaean Kings who fortified the rock with massive eight-meter tall walls, and built their palaces there in the 14th century BCE.

Why did Xerxes burn Athens?

Retaliatory burning of the Palace of Persepolis According to Plutarch and Diodorus, this was intended as a retribution for Xerxes’ burning of the old Temple of Athena on the Acropolis in Athens (the site of the extant Parthenon) in 480 BC during the Persian Wars.

Who was Xerxes son?

Artaxerxes IDariusArtabanusArtariusHystaspesArsames
Xerxes I/Sons

What does Acropolis mean in Greek?

high city
The term “acropolis” means “high city” in Greek and can refer to one of many natural strongholds constructed on rocky, elevated ground in Greece, but the Acropolis of Athens is the best known.

Is there still slavery in Greece?

In Greece, an estimated 89,000 people are modern-day slaves – about one in 125 of its 11 million population – according to the 2018 Global Slavery Index by the Walk Free Foundation.

Why is the Parthenon so special?

Why is the Parthenon important, special and famous? The Parthenon is so special because first of all is the symbol of Athens democracy. It was built after the victory on the Persians who occupied Athens in 480 BC. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority.

How many wives did Xerxes I have?

Xerxes I

Xerxes I 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠
Died August 465 BC (aged approximately 53)
Burial Naqsh-e Rostam
Spouse Amestris
Issue Darius Hystaspes Artaxerxes I Arsames Amytis