What percentage of people get CMV?
More than half of adults have had a CMV infection by the time they are 40 years old, and about 1 to 4 in 100 people (1 to 4 percent) get infected with CMV for the first time during pregnancy. You can pass CMV to your baby at any time during pregnancy.
What is the prevalence of CMV in the US?
At least 60% of the US population has been exposed to CMV, with a prevalence of more than 90% in high-risk groups (eg, male homosexuals). The prevailing age of infection varies worldwide.
What are the most at risk populations for CMV?
Very low birth weight and premature infants. People with compromised immune systems, such as from organ and bone marrow transplants, and people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
How many cases of CMV are there?
Over half of adults have been infected with CMV by age 40. Most people infected with CMV show no signs or symptoms. When a baby is born with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, it is called congenital CMV. About one out of every 200 babies is born with congenital CMV infection.
What percentage of population is CMV negative?
Because CMV exposure is so prevalent, CMV negative blood is very special. If up to 85% of adults in the US have been exposed by age 40, that means only 15% of the population has CMV negative blood – a very special group indeed.
How rare is O positive CMV negative blood?
Type O negative blood donors provide the universal blood type most often used in emergency situations. This blood type is not common – less than 8% of the population has it. But there is an even rarer donor needed to help save newborn infants. Throughout our lifetime, we are exposed to many types of viruses.
How widespread is CMV?
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a global herpesvirus that is highly prevalent worldwide. It is a ubiquitous virus with a prevalence of about 100% in both Africa and Asia, and 80% in Europe and North America .
How easily is CMV transmitted?
How is CMV spread? Although the virus is not highly communicable, it can be spread from person to person by direct contact. The virus is shed in the urine, saliva, semen and to a lesser extent in other body fluids.
How many people are O and CMV negative?
Only 2% of people worldwide are both Type O- and CMV-negative, and this combination makes them the exact type needed for baby blood transfusions.
How common is O negative CMV negative blood?
Type O negative blood donors provide the universal blood type most often used in emergency situations. This blood type is not common – less than 8% of the population has it.
Can I donate blood if I have cytomegalovirus?
As with other viruses, once someone has had CMV, their body retains the antibodies. CMV is generally harmless to adults, but can be fatal to babies. For this reason, babies needing transfusions as part of their medical care should only receive blood from donors who have not been exposed to CMV (CMV negative).
Is Epstein Barr the same as CMV?
Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) are herpesviruses commonly contracted during infancy, and they are prevalent in the human population worldwide. They belong to what is referred to as the human virome or virobiota – a collection of both eukaryotic and prokaryotic viruses are found in humans (1–3).
What is the current trend related to cytomegalovirus?
The CMV IgG seroprevalence ranged from 8.7–99.2% (SD = 38.95%). CMV incidence in these countries ranged between 1.22% and 77% in transplant and transfusion recipients, with an increase in incidence with advanced age.
Is CMV contagious forever?
Once you’ve got CMV, it stays in your system forever. A type of herpes virus, CMV remains dormant in your body just like chickenpox and mono, laying low even after any noticeable symptoms subside. When dormant, it’s not contagious, but can reactivate and become contagious at any time, unbeknown to the carrier.
Is CMV highly contagious?
Although the virus is not highly communicable, it can be spread from person to person by direct contact. The virus is shed in the urine, saliva, semen and to a lesser extent in other body fluids. Transmission can also occur from an infected mother to her fetus or newborn and by blood transfusion and organ transplants.
What is the incubation period for CMV?
Incubation period 3 to 12 weeks.
What is the prognosis of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection?
Infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) remains asymptomatic in most immunocompetent hosts, but is the leading cause of congenital viral infection worldwide and can be life-threatening in immunocompromised individuals.
Do jail and prison inmates have a higher burden of chronic medical conditions?
Jail and prison inmates had a higher burden of most chronic medical conditions than the general population even with adjustment for important sociodemographic differences and alcohol consumption. Prevalence of chronic medical conditions among jail and prison inmates in the USA compared with the general population
How common is cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in children in day-care centers?
Serologic results revealed that 50%-100% of workers from each day-care center had antibody to CMV, as did 56%-88% of parents (Table 2). These data indicate that CMV infection is common among young children in day-care centers.
What are the most common diseases among former inmates?
cular, liver disease and liver cancer among former inmates. tension, hepatitis and cancer among women than men. the non-institutionalised population. Specifically, we found non-Hispanic blacks or Hispanics.