What was the Iran-Contra Affair quizlet?
What was the Iran Contra Affair? A secret operation in which the US government secretly sent weapons to a known enemy and sent financial aid to a rebel force. Both of those actions were illegal.
What did the Iran-Contra Affair do?
Between 1981 and 1986, senior administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to the Khomeini government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which was the subject of an arms embargo. The administration hoped to use the proceeds of the arms sale to fund the Contras, a right-wing rebel group, in Nicaragua.
What was the main goal of Reagan’s Iran-Contra Affair quizlet?
During the Reagan administration, senior Reagan Administration officials secretly facilitated the sale of arms to Iran, the subject of an arms embargo in hopes of securing the release of hostages and allowing U.S. intelligence agencies to fund the Nicaraguan Contras.
What was the outcome of the Iran hostage crisis quizlet?
What was the outcome of the Iran hostage rescue attempt? The hostages were successfully rescued by military force.
Who are the Contras quizlet?
The contras (some references use the capitalized form, “Contras”) is a label given to the various rebel groups that were active from 1979 through to the early 1990s in opposition to the Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction government in Nicaragua.
Who were the Contras and what was their goal?
The Contras were the various U.S.-backed and funded right-wing rebel groups that were active from 1979 to 1990 in opposition to the Marxist Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction Government in Nicaragua which came to power in 1979 following the Nicaraguan Revolution.
Why did the U.S. support the Contras in Nicaragua?
U.S. policy on Nicaragua began to favor support for anti-Sandinista “Contras”, because most people involved in the U.S. intelligence operations, including Richard Nixon feared that “defeat for the rebels would probably lead to a violent Marxist guerrilla movement in Mexico and in other Central American countries.”
What happened to the Contras?
In 1987, after the discovery of private resupply efforts orchestrated by the National Security Council and Oliver North, Congress ceased all but “non-lethal” aid in 1987. The war between the Sandinistas and the Contras ended with a cease-fire in 1990.
Why was the Iran hostage crisis important in the history of the United States?
On November 4, 1979, Iranian militants stormed the United States Embassy in Tehran and took approximately seventy Americans captive. This terrorist act triggered the most profound crisis of the Carter presidency and began a personal ordeal for Jimmy Carter and the American people that lasted 444 days.
Why was the Iran hostage crisis significance?
The Iran hostage crisis was a severe blow to U.S. morale and prestige, coming as it did in the aftermath of the Vietnam War. In addition to placing a roadblock in the path of U.S.-Iranian relations, it was also widely believed to have contributed to Carter’s defeat by Reagan in the 1980 presidential election.
Who were the Contras and what was their goal quizlet?
Who did the Contras fight?
The war between the Sandinistas and the Contras ended with a cease-fire in 1990. Although the Contras were often referred to as one group, several distinct factions made up the Contras.
What was the impact of the Iranian hostage crisis?
The consequences of the Iran Hostage Crisis were not limited to their geopolitical repercussions. There was a human toll as well. While American hostages suffered psychological and physical scars, some U.S. military personnel made the ultimate sacrifice. Iran also suffered greatly from the crisis.
What were the causes and consequences of the Iranian hostage crisis?
Spurred by anti-American feelings arising from Iran’s 1979 Islamic revolution, the hostage crisis soured U.S.-Iranian relations for decades and contributed to the failure of U.S. President Jimmy Carter to be elected to a second term in 1980.
What was the reason for Iran Contra scandal?
The convoluted path of the Iran-Contra scandal began as a covert operation to free seven American hostages who had been held in Lebanon since the state-sponsored Iranian terrorist group Hezbollah had kidnapped them in 1982.
What actions occurred during the Iran Contra affair?
The Iran-Contra affair was a political scandal that exploded in 1986, during President Ronald Reagan’s second term, when it came to light that senior administration officials had secretly—and in violation of existing laws—arranged for the sale of arms to Iran in return for Iran’s promise to help secure the release of a group of Americans being held hostage in Lebanon.
Why was the Iran Contra affair controversial?
The Iran-Contra Affairs of the 1980s stemmed from the Reagan Administration’s foreign policies toward two seemingly unrelated countries, Nicaragua and Iran. The Administration believed that changes to these countries that occurred in the 1970s threatened U.S. national interests.
What was the Iran Contra scandal?
The Iran-Contra affair, the most serious scandal of the Reagan administration, arose from the intersection of dubious or illegal U.S. efforts to deal with both terrorism in the Middle East and revolution in Central America during the Cold War.