How do the Himalayas affect the geography of India?

How do the Himalayas affect the geography of India?

The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.

What is the geographical importance of Himalayan valley?

The Himalayas are of utmost importance because: i) It is the origin of many rivers that serve as a great source of water in the Indian subcontinent. ii) They prevent dry winds south, which keeps South Asia much warmer than corresponding temperate regions in the other continents.

Where are the Himalayas located in India?

Geography: The Himalayas stretch across the northeastern portion of India. They cover approximately 1,500 mi (2,400 km) and pass through the nations of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Bhutan and Nepal.

What type of geographical feature are the Himalayas?

The most characteristic features of the Himalayas are their soaring heights, steep-sided jagged peaks, valley and alpine glaciers often of stupendous size, topography deeply cut by erosion, seemingly unfathomable river gorges, complex geologic structure, and series of elevational belts (or zones) that display different …

Why Himalayas are important for India?

The Himalayas save our country from the cold and dry winds of Central Asia. They also prevent the monsoon winds of the Indian Ocean from crossing over to Northern countries and cause heavy rainfall in Northern India. Many rivers have their sources in the Himalayan ranges. The Himalayan slopes have dense forests.

What are the physical features of the Himalayas?

How Himalayas are important for India?

What are the features of Himalayan mountains?

The most characteristic features of the Himalayas are their great height, complex geologic structure, snowcapped peaks, large valley glaciers, deep river gorges, and rich vegetation.

How many Himalayas are there in India?

Three major geographical entities, the Himadri (Greater Himalaya), Himachal (Lesser Himalaya), and the Siwaliks (Outer Himalaya), extending almost uninterrupted throughout its length, are separated by major geological fault lines.

What is the climate of the Himalayas?

The climate ranges from tropical at the base of the mountains to permanent ice and snow at the highest elevations. The amount of yearly rainfall increases from west to east along the southern front of the range.

What is the Himalayan known for?

The Himalayas include the highest mountains in the world, and are known for their soaring heights, steep-sided jagged peaks, valleys, and alpine glaciers, deep river gorges, and a series of elevational belts that display different ecological associations of flora, fauna, and climate.

How Himalayas influence the climate of India?

By virtue of its location and stupendous height, the Great Himalaya Range obstructs the passage of cold continental air from the north into India in winter and also forces the southwesterly monsoon (rain-bearing) winds to give up most of their moisture before crossing the range northward.

What kind of landform is the Himalaya?

The landform of Himalaya is called the mountain range. It is the northernmost tip of the country and there is a huge mountain range that extends long. The climate is chill and snowy over that region as it is the hilly region.

What are the uses of Himalayas?

They have plenty of mineral resources.

  • They attract tourists.
  • They also stop cold winds from Central Asia.
  • Many medicinal plants & herbs grow here.
  • The rivers are useful for generation of hydroelectricity.
  • Noted for the cultivation of fruits like apples and crops like tea and saffron.

How are Himalayas formed?

This immense mountain range began to form between 40 and 50 million years ago, when two large landmasses, India and Eurasia, driven by plate movement, collided. Because both these continental landmasses have about the same rock density, one plate could not be subducted under the other.