What is the name of TB of the spine?
Spinal tuberculosis is one of the oldest diseases known to mankind and has been found in Egyptian mummies dating back to 3400 BC. The disease is popularly known as Pott’s spine. The name traces back its origin from the description of tuberculous infection of the spine by Sir Percival Pott in his monograph in 1779.
What are types of vertebral tuberculosis?
There are two distinct types of spinal TB, the classic form or spondylodiscitis, and an increasingly common atypical form which is spondylitis without disc involvement .
What is Pott’s abscess?
Pott’s disease is a distinctive presentation of tuberculosis that occurs in approximately 5% of extrapulmonary cases that progressively developed a voluminous paravertebral abscess.
What is spina Ventosa?
Spina ventosa is tuberculous dactylitis of the short bones of the hands and feet, characterized by a cystic, ballooned-out appearance of the involved bone. 1. It is considered to be a disease of childhood that is uncommon after the age of 5 years.
What is the disease Scrofula?
Scrofula is a tuberculosis infection of the lymph nodes in the neck.
What is Extraspinal infection?
Pott’s disease (PD), also known as tuberculosis spondylitis, is a rare disease of the spine which is typically caused by extraspinal infection. The basic lesion in Pott’s disease is a combination of osteomyelitis and arthritis, usually affecting more than one vertebra.
What causes psoas abscess?
Primary psoas abscess occurs most commonly in patients with a history of diabetes, injection drug use, alcoholism, AIDS, renal failure, hematologic malignancy, immunosuppression, or malnutrition. Additional risk factors include age under 20 years, males (3:1 predominance), and low socioeconomic status.
What is Serofula?
What is Phthisis called today?
Names for Tuberculosis – Phthisis, Scrofula, King’s Touch. The disease Tuberculosis (TB) has been known by many different names during the history of TB. The various names have included consumption, phthisis, scrofula, the Kings Touch, The White Plague and the Captain of all these Men of Death.
What is Potts spine?
Spinal tuberculosis (TB) or Pott’s spine is the commonest extrapulmonary manifestation of TB. It spreads through hematogenous route. Clinically, it presents with constitutional symptoms, back pain, tenderness, paraplegia or paraparesis, and kyphotic or scoliotic deformities.
What does Dactylitis mean?
Dactylitis is a painful swelling of the fingers and toes. The name comes from the Greek word “dactylos,” which means “finger.” Dactylitis is one of the telltale symptoms of psoriatic arthritis (PsA).
What is Kanthmala disease?
It’s caused by the same bacteria that causes pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Tuberculosis is a highly infectious bacterial illness. It usually affects the lungs and can lead to significant lung damage or death if not treated.
What was Phthisis?
: a progressively wasting or consumptive condition especially : pulmonary tuberculosis.
What is TB Gibbus?
Gibbus deformities are characterized by anterior collapse of one or more vertebral bodies resulting in kyphosis. These deformities usually arise from spinal infections, and are traditionally associated with tuberculosis; other pathogens are rarely reported in the literature.
What causes Pott’s disease?
Etiology. Pott’s disease can develop when air that contains the tuberculosis-causing bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis is inhaled into the lungs. From the lungs, an infection can spread to the spine. The spread is hematogenous ie transmitted through the blood.
What is a retroperitoneal abscess?
Retroperitoneal abscess (RA) is an uncommon disease that is mainly caused by perinephric inflammation, infections of the gastrointestinal tract, and postoperative complications . Patients usually have comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus, malignancy, and renal failure.
Where is a psoas abscess?
A psoas abscess is a rare medical condition that is defined as a painful collection of pus in the psoas muscle of the spine, located in the lower lumbar region of the spine. The muscle extends through the pelvis to the femur.