What was the Shoen system?
Shoen refers to a legal category of estate that separated blocks of land from the “public” lands that were subject to the land redistribution system and the full range of taxes and made them “private” lands that were to some extent immune to taxation and to the interference of the provincial authorities.
What does shoin mean in Japanese?
Shoin (書院, drawing room or study) is a type of audience hall in Japanese architecture that was developed during the Muromachi period. The term originally meant a study and a place for lectures on the sūtra within a temple, but later it came to mean just a drawing room or study.
What were shōen in Japan?
shōen, in Japan, from about the 8th to the late 15th century, any of the private, tax-free, often autonomous estates or manors whose rise undermined the political and economic power of the emperor and contributed to the growth of powerful local clans.
Who owned shōen Japan?
Most shoki-shōen were established by a Buddhist temple or a central noble by obtaining ownership of either of two kinds of paddy fields: those that had existed prior to the temple’s or noble’s ownership; and those that were reclaimed under the order of the temple or the noble which ruled a shōen.
What does Shinden mean?
Shinden (神殿), or honden, the most sacred part of a Shinto shrine.
What is Sasuke shinden?
Sasuke Shinden: Book of Sunrise (サスケ真伝 来光篇, Sasuke Shinden Raikō-hen, literally meaning: Sasuke True Story: Book of Sunrise) is an arc of the Naruto: Shippūden anime.
What influenced Japanese architecture?
Architectural styles in Japan have evolved over the centuries, heavily influenced by geography, climate, the raw materials available, and even the course of natural disasters. Japanese architecture eventually came to incorporate elements from neighboring Asian cultures as well as Western influences.
Is shoin a word?
What is the “shoin style” in Japanese architecture?
Shoin style, too, emphasized hierarchical ranks among the aristocrats and incorporated features like sliding doors or walls, minimum decoration, tatami, and made a compact dwelling.
What are the architectural styles that influenced Japanese architecture?
The styles took over the architectural elements used in the Japanese dwellings influenced by the Chinese architectural style that was introduced in the country during the prehistoric period.
What is the oldest example of shoin-zukuri?
Ginkaku-ji’s Tōgu-dō is the oldest extant example of shoin-zukuri. Shoin-zukuri (書院造) is a style of Japanese residential architecture used in the mansions of the military, temple guest halls, and Zen abbot’s quarters of the Azuchi–Momoyama (1568–1600) and Edo periods (1600–1868). It forms the basis of today’s traditional-style Japanese house.
What are the architectural features of the Chinese shoin?
The architecture surrounding and influenced by the shoin quickly developed many other distinguishing features. Since the guests sat on the floor instead of on furniture, they were positioned at a lower vantage point than their Chinese counterparts who were accustomed to using furniture.