How many genders are there in Sweden?
Modern Swedish has two genders and no longer conjugates verbs based on person or number. Its nouns have lost the morphological distinction between nominative and accusative cases that denoted grammatical subject and object in Old Norse in favor of marking by word order.
How many articles are there in Swedish?
There are two indefinite articles in Swedish, en and ett. There is rarely an easy way to determine which article should be used with any one word, so the gender of each noun should be learned separately. The indefinite form of a word is usually used when something is mentioned for the first time.
Does Swedish have a word for the?
There are two indefinite articles (corresponding to a and an) in Swedish: en and ett. En is used with most of the nouns (words denoting people almost always use en), but you will just have to learn which article goes with which noun. The definite article (the) is not a separate word like in most other languages.
How do you make a plural in Swedish?
An en word takes one of the following endings when it is pluralized: or, ar, er. An ett word takes an n or no ending at all. To form the definite plural, you must first form the indefinite plural and then add these endings to that word.
Is Swedish easy to learn?
Swedish is a category 1 language, according to the FSI. This means that learning it is just as easy for native English speakers as learning French or Spanish. So, this makes Swedish one of the easiest languages to learn.
What language is Svenska?
In Sweden, virtually everyone speaks Swedish , or as they call it “Svenska.” Spoken by around 10 million people, you’ll not only find it in Sweden but in Finland and many bordering cities of Denmark, as well.
Do Scandinavian languages have gender?
In standard Danish and Swedish, nouns have two grammatical genders, and pronouns have the same two grammatical genders in addition to two natural genders similar to English.
How many tenses are there in Swedish?
In Swedish, there are five main tenses: one to express events in the present, three for the past (the past perfect, the past imperfect, the pluperfect), and different ways to express actions and occurrences that have not yet happened in the future. Let’s have a look at these Swedish-language tenses in detail.
What are the Swedish ordinal numbers from 1 to 20?
Here are the Swedish ordinal numbers from 1 to 20: Not so hard, right? As you will notice, I’ve bolded sjätte (“sixth”) and sjunde (“seventh”). This is because people often get them confused, expecting “sixth” to be something like * sexte!
What are ordinal numbers?
And then come ordinal numbers ( ordningstal )– they are those pesky little things that show the order of things, as in: Seems very basic, isn’t it? But you need to look at them carefully. What’s a more or less regular ordinal number in English, such as 4th, is a goofy irregular-looking “ fjärde ” in Swedish.
What is the ordinal form of sex in Swedish?
The ordinal version of “ sex ” is “ sjätte ” (sixth), NOT sexte. Now you see that Swedish ordinals are a bit more irregular than their English equivalents – a fact that many beginning learners tend to forget.