What are laundered preferences?
The basic idea behind ‘laundering preferences’ is that, while preferences will sometimes be problematic and cannot be ‘trusted’ (as discussed above), if certain conditions are met, preferences will be reliable indicators of what makes people’s lives go well—that is, their well-being.
What is weak preference?
Weak Preference: x ≽ y means the agent weakly prefers x to y, that is he either strictly prefers x to y or is indifferent between the two.
What Is Philosophy preference?
In psychology, economics and philosophy, preference is a technical term usually used in relation to choosing between alternatives. For example, someone prefers A over B if they would rather choose A than B. Preferences are central to decision theory because of this relation to behavior.
What is rational preference?
Applications to theories of utility When a preference order is both transitive and complete, then it is standard practice to call it a rational preference relation, and the people who comply with it are rational agents. A transitive and complete relation is called a weak order (or total preorder).
What are concave preferences?
Concave Preferences Concave preferences is the opposite of convex, where when. , then the average of A and B is worse than A. This because concave curves slope outwards, meaning an average between two points on the same indifference curve would result in a point that is closer to the origin thus giving a lower utility.
Is strict preference complete?
and symmetry (∀x∀y, x˜y ⇒ y˜x) Strict preference is also transitive and not complete. It has the property of irreflexivity (∀x, never x Â x).
What does psychological preference mean?
Personality preferences, sometimes called psychological preferences, are like any other preferences. Personality type is what you prefer when you are using your mind or focusing your attention. Studies and experience have shown that there are consistent patterns for each person.
What is utilitarian hedonism?
Hedonistic Utilitarianism is the theory that the right action is the one that produces (or is most likely to produce) the greatest net happiness for all concerned.
What are stable preferences?
In economic theory, stability of preferences is defined as stability at the level of the individual (as opposed to stability of the distribution of preferences in a given population).
What does the word monotonic mean?
Definition of monotonic 1 : characterized by the use of or uttered in a monotone She recited the poem in a monotonic voice. 2 : having the property either of never increasing or of never decreasing as the values of the independent variable or the subscripts of the terms increase.
What is meant by convex preferences?
In economics, convex preferences are an individual’s ordering of various outcomes, typically with regard to the amounts of various goods consumed, with the property that, roughly speaking, “averages are better than the extremes”.
What are non convex preferences?
If a preference set is non-convex, then some prices determine a budget-line that supports two separate optimal-baskets. For example, we can imagine that, for zoos, a lion costs as much as an eagle, and further that a zoo’s budget suffices for one eagle or one lion.
What is a rational preference?
Rationality, in this context, means that when individuals are faced with a choice, they would select the option that maximizes self interest. Further, in every set of alternatives, preferences arise.
What is a constructed preference?
Construction of preferences means that preference measurement is best viewed as architecture (building a set of values) rather than as archaeology (uncovering existing values).
What is a preference reversal?
Preference reversal (Lichtenstein & Slovic, 1973) refers to a change in the relative frequency by which one option is favored over another in behavioral experiments, as evident in the less-is-better-effect or ratio bias, for example, or framing effects more generally.
What is universalistic hedonism?
Definition of universalistic hedonism : an ethical theory that the supreme good and the determining consideration of moral conduct is the greatest happiness of the greatest number : utilitarianism sense 1 —contrasted with egoistic hedonism — compare psychological hedonism.
What is a synonym for preferences?
In this page you can discover 34 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for preferences, like: wishes, predilections, penchants, orientations, wants, selections, propensities, priorities, prejudices, predispositions and likes. States senator regardless of their own preferences .’
How does the noun preference contrast with its synonyms?
How does the noun preference contrast with its synonyms? Some common synonyms of preference are alternative, choice, election, option, and selection. While all these words mean “the act or opportunity of choosing or the thing chosen,” preference suggests a choice guided by one’s judgment or predilections.
What do the words option and preference have in common?
Although the words option and preference have much in common, option implies a power to choose that is specifically granted or guaranteed. When would selection be a good substitute for preference? The words selection and preference are synonyms, but do differ in nuance.
What is the synonym of choice?
Synonym Discussion of preference. choice, option, alternative, preference, selection, election mean the act or opportunity of choosing or the thing chosen. choice suggests the opportunity or privilege of choosing freely.