What are the accessories in X-ray unit?

What are the accessories in X-ray unit?

Accessory items are frequently as important as the x-ray machine itself. Included are positioning aids, cassette holders, beam-collimation devices, beam filters, and grids. Most items are available commercially, but some may be produced locally to better satisfy needs created by a specific machine or situation.

What are the components of Xray film?

X-ray film is a gelatin-covered polyester base. An emulsion coating both sides of the film contains ting silver halide crystals that are sensitive to such things as visible light X-rays, gamma rays, heat, moisture and pressure.

What are the 2 types of X-ray film?

The two primary types of radiographic film are direct exposure film and screen film. Direct exposure film provides a sharp image of thin body parts having high subject contrast.

What are the different types of X-ray films?


  • screen type films: faster when used with intensifying screen. conventional. orthochromatic (green sensitive)
  • direct exposure type: used for dental exposures.

Which of the following is the purpose of collimation?

Proper collimation is one of the aspects of optimising the radiographic imaging technique. It prevents unnecessary exposure of anatomy outside the area of interest, and it also improves image quality by producing less scatter radiation from these areas.

What is XRAY paper called?

Radiographic film can be purchased in a number of different packaging options. The most basic form is as individual sheets in a box. In preparation for use, each sheet must be loaded into a cassette or film holder in the darkroom to protect it from exposure to light.

What is cassette in radiography?

Cassettes are rigid holders used in conventional and computed radiography (CR) for the screen film system and imaging plate respectively. The back side of the cassette has rubber or felt for adequate contact between the screen film system or with the imaging plate.

What is XRAY collimation?

Collimation: Collimation restricts the x-ray beam to the area of interest using lead shutters within the x-ray tube. A secondary beneficial effect of collimation is reduction of off focus radiation making it to the film. Because a smaller volume of tissue is being irradiated, less scatter radiation is produced.

What is collimator in xray?

In radiology, a collimator is an arrangement of absorbers for limiting a beam of X-rays, gamma rays, or nuclear particles to the dimensions and angular spread required for the specific application.

What is xray developer?

An x-ray developer is a special solution that is used to develop latent images to visible ones in the darkroom during radiography. X-ray developer is composed of hydroquinone and phenidone (Metol). Hydroquinone is used for high contrast, while Metol is used for low contrast.

What is OPG in dental cost?

X-Ray OPG (Orthopentomograms) is a full mouth dental Xray. It produces a panoramic view of the lower and upper jaw. Cephalogram is usually also recommended along with this….X-Ray OPG Test.

Test Type X-ray
Also Known As OPG or Orthopentomograms
Home Testing No
Avg. Price Rs 500 to Rs 1000

What is CBCT in dentistry?

Description. Cone-beam computed tomography systems (CBCT) are a variation of traditional computed tomography (CT) systems. The CBCT systems used by dental professionals rotate around the patient, capturing data using a cone-shaped X-ray beam.

What is X-ray film and accessories?

X-RAY FILM AND ACCESSORIES X-ray film Dr SP Tyagi X-RAY FILM AND ACCESSORIES Dr. S. P. Tyagi X-ray film: The X-ray film is the medium that record the image of part exposed with X-rays. The x-ray film is somewhat similar to photographic film in its basic composition.

What is the composition of X-ray film?

The x-ray film is somewhat similar to photographic film in its basic composition. However unlike photographic film, the light (or radiation) sensitive emulsion is usually coated on both sides of the base of X- ray film so that it can be used with intensifying screens. The x-ray film is composed of following –

What is X-ray film emulsion made of?

2: Film Emulsion: The X-ray film emulsion is composed of a mixture of gelatin (derived from cadaver bones) and small silver halide crystals (grains). The gelatin serves as a matrix which keeps the silver halide grains well dispersed and prevents their clumping. The developing and Dr SP Tyagi