What is ijtihad in Islam?

What is ijtihad in Islam?

ijtihād, (Arabic: “effort”) in Islamic law, the independent or original interpretation of problems not precisely covered by the Qurʾān, Hadith (traditions concerning the Prophet Muhammad’s life and utterances), and ijmāʿ (scholarly consensus).

What is the position of ijtihad in Islam?

In Islamic legislation Ijtihad plays an important role and has central position in the whole process. Demands of life change day by day thus it become necessary to take on the structural review of Islamic laws keeping in mind the spirit and discipline of Islamic. Ijtihad thus play as a perfect tool for legislation.

Why is ijtihad needed?

Scholars considered the time, place norms and prevailing conditions while rendering their religious advice and opinions. Ijtihad enabled muslims to be flexible and to learn from other cultures and civilizations. Without the process of ijtihad, a faithful muslim will find himself in a dilemma.

What is history of ijtihad?

Historically, ijtihad was most commonly defined as “the jurist’s exerting himself to the utmost of his capacities to arrive at a considered opinion with respect to a legal judgment.” The 14th-century polymath al-Jurjāni, however, offers a second definition: the jurist’s “sparing of no effort in seeking out an …

What are the sources of ijtihad?

The revealed sources are the Koran and the Sunnah forming the nass (nucleus/core) of the Sharia whereas qiyas and ijma are the non- revealed sources and are employed to derive law from the nass (plural, nusus) through the use of human reason and endeavour called ijtihad.

Why do we need ijtihad?

The process of ijtihad allowed Muslims and Muslim societies to continually adapt in the face of changing societal conditions and new advances in knowledge. However, declaring the shariah complete and announcing of the closure of the gate of ijtihad turns the great thinkers into idols.

What are the conditions of ijtihad?

Rather, he stated: There are two conditions which a mujtahid must meet. First, he must have a thorough grasp of the higher aims of Islamic law, and be skilled at raising and reflecting on relevant questions and issues and ordering them in terms of their relative degrees of importance.

What is the scope of ijtihad?

According to Imarah the scope of ijtihad in relation to such texts is limited to that of understanding, derivation of branches, linking these branches to basic principles, comparison, and formulation of rulings.

In this sense, ” ijtihad ” was by itself an independent source of the shari’ah laws besides the Qur’an and the sunnah. Abu Hanifah, the founder of the Sunni Hanafi school of fiqh, was the main proponent of this system of ijtihad. 3 The term ijtihad continued to be used exclusively in the meaning of ra’iy up until the early seventh Islamic century.

Is Sunah aadalah Dasar Dari Hukum Islam?

Sunah aadalah dasar dari hukum Islam yang kedua setelah Alquran. Kebenaran sunah sama dengan Alquran, karena setiap apa yang berasal dari Nabi juga merupakan wahyu dari Allah SWT. Secara pengertian sunah menurut bahasa adalah kebiasaan yang diikuti.

What is Secara pengertian Sunah?

Secara pengertian sunah menurut bahasa adalah kebiasaan yang diikuti. Sedangkan pengertian secara istilah Sunnah adalah: perkataan, perbuatan, dan takrir Nabi SAW yang berupa ketetapan, persetujuan dan diamnya Nabi Muhammad SAW terhadap sesuatu hal atau perbuatan sahabat yang diketahuinya.

What is Dasar Hukum Islam?

Dasar Hukum Islam – Al-qur’an, As-Sunnah dan Ijthihad. Islam sebagai agama yang diturun akan Allah SWT, telah mengatur hidup umatnya dengan dasar hukum yang jelas, yaitu Alquran dan Sunah Rasulullah SAW. Ini lah cara Allah menjadikan agama Islam sebagai pegangan manusia untuk mencapai tujuan hidup menurut islam.