How rare is Quadricuspid aortic valve?

How rare is Quadricuspid aortic valve?

Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital heart disease with an incidence of 0.00028-0.00033% in autopsy series, 0.0059-0.0065% for patients undergoing transthoracic echocardiographic examinations and 0.05-1% for those receiving aortic valve replacements for aortic regurgitation (AR)[3,4].

How many people have a Quadricuspid aortic valve?

Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of 0.01–0.04%. [1] Balinton reported the first known case in 1862.

Is mitral valve repair better than replacement?

Mitral valve (MV) repair is preferred over replacement in clinical guidelines and is an important determinant of the indication for surgery in degenerative mitral regurgitation.

What is a Quadricuspid valve?

Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital cardiac defect characterized by the presence of four aortic valve leaflets of equal or varying sizes. Even rarer is its clinical presentation with aortic stenosis.

What is Quadricuspid pulmonary valve?

Abstract. The quadricuspid pulmonary valve is a rare congenital anomaly that can appear as an isolated morphologic variation or in the presence of other cardiac anomalies. Approximately 200 cases of quadricuspid pulmonary valves have been reported to date.

Is aortic regurgitation hereditary?

Congenital heart valve disease. These congenital heart defects put you at risk of developing aortic valve regurgitation at some time in your life. If you have a parent or sibling with a bicuspid valve, it increases the risk that you may have a bicuspid valve.

What is a Unicuspid aortic valve?

The unicuspid aortic valve is a very rare congenital anomaly, which usually presents as aortic stenosis, incompetence, or a combination of both. Other congenital disorders may accompany this phenomenon and aortic dilatation and left ventricular hypertrophy are frequent complications.

Can high blood pressure cause aortic regurgitation?

Aortic valve regurgitation can be caused by any condition in which the leaflets or the ring structure of the valve is damaged. This can occur with the following conditions: Weakening and calcification of the valve from aging. High blood pressure.

How rare is a Unicuspid valve?

Unicuspid aortic valve is an extremely rare congenital malformation, first reported by Edwards in 1958. The annual incidence of UAV has been estimated at 0.02% in the adult population. However, in those patients who undergo surgery for isolated aortic stenosis, it is encountered at a rate of 4% to 5%.

What causes a Unicuspid aortic valve?

What is Philippe Coutinho’s nationality?

Philippe Coutinho Correia ( Brazilian Portuguese: [fiˈlipi kowˈtʃĩɲu]; born 12 June 1992) is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder or winger for Bundesliga club Bayern Munich on loan from Barcelona and the Brazilian national team.

When did Philippe Coutinho join Aston Villa?

On 7 January 2022, Coutinho joined English club Aston Villa on a loan for the remainder of the season, reuniting with former Liverpool teammate Steven Gerrard, Aston Villa’s manager.

Who is João Coutinho?

The third and youngest son of Esmerelda Coutinho and architect José Carlos Correia, Coutinho was born on 12 June 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, weighing 3.1 kg (6 lbs 10 oz) as a newborn. He was raised in Rio’s northern Rocha district between an old shanty town and industrial warehouses.

Does Philippe Coutinho have a Portuguese passport?

In August 2018, Coutinho gained a Portuguese passport through his wife, no longer making him a non-EU player. Scores and results list Brazil’s goal tally first, score column indicates score after each Coutinho goal.