What is bovine trypanosomiasis?

What is bovine trypanosomiasis?

Bovine trypanosomosis is a parasitic disease causing serious economic losses in livestock productivity and agricultural development. The disease has been reported in different parts of Ethiopia.

What is the difference between trypanosomosis and trypanosomiasis?

Trypanosomiasis or trypanosomosis is the name of several diseases in vertebrates caused by parasitic protozoan trypanosomes of the genus Trypanosoma. In humans this includes African trypanosomiasis and Chagas disease. A number of other diseases occur in other animals.

What causes trypanosomiasis in cattle?

Trypanosomosis is usually transmitted through blood lymph and other fluids of infected animals. It is caused by Flagellated protozoan parasites that live in the fluids and tissue of its host animal. Often the disease is transmitted through the bite of an infected tsetse fly which has been feeding on an infected animal.

What is Salivarian transmission?

salivarian trypanosomes which undergo anterior station (foregut) development in the insect vector and are transmitted via saliva to the blood of vertebrate hosts (e.g. tsetse flies transmit T.

What is the treatment for trypanosomiasis in cattle?

Treatment and Control of Trypanosomiasis in Animals Drug resistance occurs and should be considered in refractory cases. Control of trypanosomiasis can be exercised at several levels, including eradication of tsetse flies and use of prophylactic drugs.

What causes trypanosomiasis in animals?

Trypanosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by species of flagellate protozoa belonging to the genus Try-panosoma which inhabit the blood plasma and various body tissues and fluids. These parasites are found in many animals but seem to be pathogenic only for mammals, including man.

What is the common name for Trypanosoma?

Parasites – African Trypanosomiasis (also known as Sleeping Sickness) African Trypanosomiasis, also known as “sleeping sickness”, is caused by microscopic parasites of the species Trypanosoma brucei. It is transmitted by the tsetse fly (Glossina species), which is found only in sub-Saharan Africa.

What is Salivaria and Stercoraria?

The Salivaria are those trypanosomes that transmit from the “anterior station” of the insect host; i.e. they are in the saliva and are inoculated into the host during feeding. The Stercoraria transmit from the “posterior station”; i.e. infective stages are passed in the feces of the insect during feeding.

What is Salivarian trypanosome?

Salivarian trypanosomes are single cell extracellular parasites that cause infections in a wide range of hosts. Most pathogenic infections worldwide are caused by one of four major species of trypanosomes including (i) Trypanosoma brucei and the human infective subspecies T.

What causes Surra disease?

Profile. Surra is a disease caused by a blood-borne parasite and transmitted by biting flies. It can affect horses, donkeys, mules, deer, camels, llamas, dogs, cats, cattle, buffalo, sheep, goats and pigs. It usually causes chronic wasting in cattle and is often fatal in horses, dogs and cats.

What is the effect of trypanosomiasis?

Fever, severe headaches, irritability, extreme fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and aching muscles and joints are common symptoms of sleeping sickness. Some people develop a skin rash. Progressive confusion, personality changes, and other neurologic problems occur after infection has invaded the central nervous system.