What does the word allelopathic mean?
(ə-lē-lŏp′ə-thē, ăl′ə-) n. A usually negative effect on the growth or development of an organism of one species, caused by a chemical released by an organism of another species. Usually used of plants. [Greek allēlōn, reciprocally (from allos, another; see al- in Indo-European roots) + -pathy.]
What is allelopathy simple?
Allelopathy is a biological phenomenon by which an organism produces one or more biochemicals that influence the germination, growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms from the same community.
What is an example of allelopathy?
Allelopathic Trees Trees are great examples of allelopathy in plants. For instance, many trees use allelopathy to protect their space by using their roots to pull more water from the soil so other plants cannot thrive. Some use their allelochemicals to inhibit germination or impede the development of nearby plant life.
What is true allelopathy?
True allelopathy : It refers to the release into the environment of chemical compound that are toxicin the forms. produced by the plants. Page 8. 5. Functional allelopathy: It refers to the release into the environment of compound that is toxic after chemical modification by micro-organisms.
Why are plants allelopathic?
Allelopathic plants release chemical compounds from their roots into the soil, and these chemicals suppress or even kill the neighboring plants when they are absorbed by the plants. The harmful chemicals released by allelopathic plants are known as allelochemicals.
Why do plants use allelopathy?
Who discovered allelopathy?
Plants can affect neighboring plants by releasing chemicals into the environment. The Austrian plant physiologist Hans Molish named this phenomenon, “allelopathy” in 1937. The existence of allelopathy has been well documented over the past few decades in both natural and agricultural ecosystems , , .
What is an example of an allelopathic plant?
Some plants and trees those are well known as allelopathic are Black Walnut (Juglans nigra), Ailanthus or Tree-Of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima), Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromaticus), Rice (Oryza sativa), Pea (Pisum sativum), sorghum etc.