What is Jahiliyya period?

What is Jahiliyya period?

jāhiliyyah, in Islam, the period preceding the revelation of the Qurʾān to the Prophet Muhammad. In Arabic the word means “ignorance,” or “barbarism,” and indicates a negative Muslim evaluation of pre-Islamic life and culture in Arabia as compared to the teachings and practices of Islam.

Where is Jahiliyya?

The age of ignorance (Arabic: ‏جَاهِلِيَّة‎, romanized: jāhilīyah, lit. ‘ignorance’) is an Islamic concept referring to the period of time and state of affairs in Arabia before the advent of Islam in 610 CE. It is often translated as the “Age of Ignorance”.

What is pre-Islamic era?

Pre-Islamic Arabia refers to the Arabian Peninsula prior to the rise of Islam in the 630s. Some of the settled communities in the Arabian Peninsula developed into distinctive civilizations.

Who do Sunnis follow?

Sunni Muslims. Sunni Muslims strongly believe that the redemption of human beings is dependent on faith in Allah, His prophets, acceptance of Muhammad as the final prophet, and belief in righteous deeds as explained in the Koran. The mercy of Allah will determine the redemption of all human beings.

Was Jahiliyya a period of ignorance or barbarism?

The word jahiliyya, rendered as ignorance or barbarism, occurs several times in the Qur˒an (3:148; 5:55; 33:33; 48:26). Used pejoratively to describe pre-Islamic Arabia, it means the period in which Arabia had no dispensation, no inspired prophet, and no revealed book.

What was the religion in Mecca before Islam?

Arabian polytheism, the dominant form of religion in pre-Islamic Arabia, was based on veneration of deities and spirits. Worship was directed to various gods and goddesses, including Hubal and the goddesses al-Lāt, al-‘Uzzā, and Manāt, at local shrines and temples such as the Kaaba in Mecca.

What year did the hijrah to Yathrib aka Medina take place?

On September 24, 622, the prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira, or “flight,” from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution. In Medina, Muhammad set about building the followers of his religion—Islam—into an organized community and Arabian power. The Hegira would later mark the beginning (year 1) of the Muslim calendar.

What does jahiliyya stand for?

Jāhilīyya (Arabic: الجاهلیة) or the Age of Ignorance is a terminology of the Qur’an and hadiths that refers to the lifestyle, conducts and beliefs of Arabs before the emergence of Islam in Arabia. The word “jahiliyya” is derived from the word “jahl” (ignorance) which, along with its cognates, were used in the Arabic poetry before Islam.

What are the characteristics of Jahiliyya?

In his view, individual and social characters of Arabs in the period of Jahiliyya included violence, arrogance, irritability, pugnacity, seeking fame, ambition, vengeance, the need to exhibitionism, bragging about one’s wealth, and prodigality.

Was the period of Jahiliyya a period of lacking knowledge?

Therefore, the period of Jahiliyya is not a period of lacking knowledge, rather it was the period of barbarism and rebellion, that is, violence, arrogance, selfishness, absurd talks, and the like.

What is the relationship between Jahiliyyah and Islam?

When a person embraced Islam during the time of the Prophet, he would immediately cut himself off from Jahiliyyah. When he stepped into the circle of Islam, he would start a new life, separating himself completely from his past life under ignorance of the Divine Law.