What does the lateral and medial circumflex femoral artery supply?

What does the lateral and medial circumflex femoral artery supply?

The medial circumflex femoral artery (MFCA) is a posteromedial branch of the deep femoral artery, arising in the medial thigh compartment….Medial circumflex femoral artery.

Origin Deep femoral artery
Supply Thigh adductors, gracilis muscle, obturator externus muscle, hamstring muscles, sciatic nerve, neck and head of femur

Where is the trochanteric anastomosis located?

One is the cruciate anastomosis, which is between the inferior gluteal artery and the medial circumflex femoral artery. The other is the trochanteric anastomosis, which is between the superior gluteal artery and medial/lateral circumflex femoral arteries.

What does the cruciate anastomosis supply?

The function of the cruciate anastomosis is to provide an alternative route for the blood supply of the lower limb when there is a blockage of the blood flow between the external iliac and femoral arteries.

What is the function of the lateral circumflex femoral artery?

The main function of the lateral circumflex femoral artery is to supply blood to the hip joint, knee joint, parts of the femur, quadriceps femoris, tensor fasciae latae, as well as skin of the anterolateral aspect of the thigh.

What does the medial circumflex femoral vein drain into?

The main function of the femoral vein is to drain the lower limb….Femoral vein.

Drains from Popliteal vein
Tributaries Deep femoral vein, great saphenous vein, lateral circumflex femoral veins, medial circumflex femoral veins
Drains to External iliac vein
Drainage area Lower limb

What muscles does the lateral circumflex femoral artery supply?

It supplies the vastus lateralis muscle and sometimes contributes to the blood supply to the rectus femoris muscle (both part of the quadriceps femoris muscle group). As it descends, it gives off several fasciocutaneous branches to the anterolateral thigh, supplying the overlying skin and fascia.

What is trochanteric anastomosis?

The trochanteric anastomosis provides circulation around the head of the femur. It includes the superior gluteal artery and the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries (the former of which provides the main supply to the femur).

Where is the lateral circumflex femoral artery located?

upper thigh
The lateral circumflex femoral artery, also known as the lateral femoral circumflex artery, or the external circumflex artery, is an artery in the upper thigh. The profunda femoris artery, femoral artery and their major branches – right thigh, anterior view.

Which veins drain into femoral vein?

Several large veins drain into the femoral vein: Great saphenous vein, into the common femoral vein. Deep vein of the thigh, whose entry marks the border between the subsartorial vein and common femoral vein. Popliteal vein, becoming the subsartorial or superficial femoral vein at the adductor hiatus.

What body part do the femoral vein artery and nerve pass through as they exit the body?

The femoral artery is a large artery in the thigh and the main arterial supply to the thigh and leg. The femoral artery gives off the deep femoral artery or profunda femoris artery and descends along the anteromedial part of the thigh in the femoral triangle.

Which vessels are involved in the trochanteric anastomosis?

Which leg is the femoral artery in left or right?

The femoral artery is the major blood vessel supplying blood to your legs. It’s in your upper thigh, right near your groin.