# How is iron ore reduced in a blast furnace?

## How is iron ore reduced in a blast furnace?

The iron oxides in the ore are chemically reduced to molten iron by carbon and carbon monoxide from the coke. The slag formed consists of the limestone flux, ash from the coke, and substances formed by the reaction of impurities in the ore with the flux; it floats in a molten state on the top of the molten iron.

### What is reduction of iron ore?

Direct reduction of iron is the removal of oxygen from iron ore or other iron bearing materials in the solid state, i.e. without melting, as in the blast furnace. The reducing agents are carbon monoxide and hydrogen, coming from reformed natural gas, syngas or coal. Iron ore is used mostly in pellet and/or lumpy form.

What is the main reducing agent in extraction of iron?

carbon monoxide
It is the carbon monoxide which is the main reducing agent in the furnace. In the hotter parts of the furnace, the carbon itself also acts as a reducing agent.

What is the major reducing agent in the reduction of iron ore in a blast furnace?

hot carbon monoxide
The hot carbon monoxide is the reducing agent for the iron ore and reacts with the iron oxide to produce molten iron and carbon dioxide.

## What is the word equation for the extraction of iron from iron oxide?

Q3. Iron is extracted from iron oxide in the blast furnace. (a) The equation for one of the reactions in the blast furnace is: Fe2O3 + 3CO 2Fe + 3CO2 (i) Complete the word equation for this reaction.

### How is direct reduced iron produced?

Direct reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, is produced from the direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets, or fines) into iron by a reducing gas or elemental carbon produced from natural gas or coal.

What is the chemical formula of iron ore?

Hematite | Fe2O3 – PubChem.

Why is iron extracted by reduction?

Iron ores such as haematite contain iron(III) oxide, Fe 2O 3. The oxygen must be removed from the iron(III) oxide in order to leave the iron behind. Reactions in which oxygen is removed are called reduction reactions.

## What is used as a reducing agent in the extraction of metal?

Reduction is the process of removal of oxygen for extraction of metals from their oxide ores. The common reducing agents used for reduction of metal oxides are: Carbon monoxide, Carbon, Hydrogen.

### Which reducing agent is used in chemical reduction of iron ore?

Hydrogen can serve as a reducing agent and the most prominent application appears to to be iron ore reduction. A variety of direct reduction of iron ores without coke has been carefully studied for a long time. These use hydrogen, carbon-monoxide and carbon in a combination.

What is the by product in the extraction of iron?

Wrought Iron/ Malleable Iron The Haematite reacts with Carbon in the cast iron to give pure iron and carbon monoxide gas which escapes. Limestone is then added as flux, and it creates the slag. Impurities such as S, Si pass into the slag and the slag later can be easily separated to yield pure iron.

What is the main reaction occurring in the blast furnace during extraction of iron from haematite?

CaO+SiO2→CaSiO3.

## What is direct reduction process?

Direct reduction is defined as a process that produces a solid iron product from iron ore using natural gas or a carbon based reductant.

### What is reduced iron ingredient?

(1) Reduced iron is prepared by reacting ground ferric oxide with hydrogen or carbon monoxide at an elevated temperature. The process results in a grayish-black powder, all of which should pass through a 100-mesh sieve. It is lusterless or has not more than a slight luster.

How is iron extracted from ore?

Iron is extracted from iron ore in a huge container called a blast furnace. Iron ores such as haematite contain iron(III) oxide, Fe 2O 3. The oxygen must be removed from the iron(III) oxide in order to leave the iron behind. Reactions in which oxygen is removed are called reduction reactions.

What is the name of fe2o3?

Ferric Oxide
Ferric Oxide (fe2o3)

## How are metals extracted by reduction?

A lot of energy is needed to reduce them to extract the metal….Reactivity and extraction method.

Metal Method
Zinc Reduction by carbon or carbon monoxide
Iron Reduction by carbon or carbon monoxide
Tin Reduction by carbon or carbon monoxide
Lead Reduction by carbon or carbon monoxide

### Is EDTA a strong reducing agent?

EDTA combined with reducing agents effectively extracted both As and heavy metals. Reducing agents enhanced EDTA extraction by increasing mobility of metals in soil. Strong reducing conditions were required to extract metals strongly bound to soils.

What is the equation for the reduction of iron (III) oxide?

The equation for the reduction of iron (III) oxide in the blast furnace is: iron (III) oxide + carbon monoxide → iron + carbon dioxide. Fe2O3(s) + 3CO (g) → 2Fe (l) + 3CO2(g) Molten iron is tapped off at the bottom of the blast furnace. Raw materials for the reaction.

What happens to the iron (III) oxide in a blast furnace?

In this reaction, the iron (III) oxide is reduced to iron, and the carbon is oxidised to carbon dioxide. In the blast furnace, it is so hot that carbon monoxide can be used, in place of carbon, to reduce the iron (III) oxide:

## How can carbon monoxide be used to reduce iron (III) oxide?

In the blast furnace, it is so hot that carbon monoxide can be used, in place of carbon, to reduce the iron (III) oxide: iron (III) oxide + carbon monoxide → iron + carbon dioxide Fe2O3(s) + 3CO (s) → 2Fe (l) + 3CO2(g) Raw materials for the reaction

### What is the reducing agent in a blast furnace?

It is so hot in the blast furnace that carbon monoxide is the reducing agent which reduces the iron (III) oxide. The equation for the reduction of iron (III) oxide in the blast furnace is: Molten iron is tapped off at the bottom of the blast furnace.