What was the Bolsa Familia Programme and what did it do?

What was the Bolsa Família Programme and what did it do?

Programme description Bolsa Família is a conditional income-transfer programme created in 2003 and instituted under Federal Law. The programme aims to reduce poverty and reach social development goals linked to school attendance, health, 1 Employment Expert in the ILO Brasilia Office.

When did Bolsa Família end?

As of 2020, the program covered 13.8 million families and paid an average of $34 per month, in a country where the minimum wage is $190 per month. In 30 December 2021, Jair Bolsonaro sanctioned a new cash transfer program, called Auxílio Brasil, formally ending Bolsa Família.

Who created Bolsa Família?

Lula da Silva
In the late 1990s and early 2000s high levels of hunger, poverty and inequality characterised urban life in many, and particularly the densely populated, cities in Brazil. The Programa Bolsa Família (PBF) is a government programme introduced in 2003 by the then-president, Lula da Silva.

How much does the Bolsa Família give?

The model emerged in Brazil more than a decade ago and has been refined since then. Poor families with children receive an average of R$70.00 (about US$35) in direct transfers. In return, they commit to keeping their children in school and taking them for regular health checks.

Is Brazil in poverty?

Between 2014 and 2016, over 5.6 million Brazilians fell into poverty (defined as living on less than $5.50 per day in 2011 PPP terms) as poverty increased from 17.7 percent to 20.1 percent. The number living on less than $1.90 per day 2011 PPP increased by over 2.5 million to surpass 8 million.

What does Bolsa Família mean in English?

Family Allowance
Direct translation is “Family Allowance”, Bolsa Familia Program is a part of Brazilian governmental welfare program Fome Zero (Zero Hunger) launched by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (Brazilian President 2003-2011).

How was Brazil named?

Portugal’s new possession was initially called Vera Cruz (“True Cross”), but it was soon renamed Brazil because of the copious amounts of brazilwood (pau-brasil) found there that yielded a valuable red dye.

What is an example of a conditional cash transfer?

Background. Conditional cash transfers (CCTs) are regular money transfers to poor households given under conditions related to the use of health services, the uptake of food and nutritional supplementation, the enrollment and attendance of children and adolescents in school [1].

Do CCT programs work?

Most CCT programs are very well-targeted and effective in reaching the poor and the excluded groups, notably the extreme poor living outside the reach of social protection programs tied with formal sector employment. On average, 80% of the benefits go to the 40% poorest families.