How can we compare and contrast DNA and RNA?

How can we compare and contrast DNA and RNA?

There are two differences that distinguish DNA from RNA: (a) RNA contains the sugar ribose, while DNA contains the slightly different sugar deoxyribose (a type of ribose that lacks one oxygen atom), and (b) RNA has the nucleobase uracil while DNA contains thymine.

What are 2 similarities and 4 differences between DNA and RNA?

While both DNA and RNA have sugar molecules in their subunits, those sugars are slightly different. DNA uses deoxyribose, but RNA uses ribose, which has an extra hydroxyl group (OH−) tacked on. DNA and RNA also have nearly identical nitrogenous bases. Both have the bases adenine, cytosine, and guanine.

What are 3 similarities and 3 differences between DNA and RNA?

Similarities between DNA and RNA:

Comparision DNA RNA
Groove Major and minor grooves Only major grooves.
Synthesis During replication by DNA polymerase During transcription by RNA polymerase
Sugar Deoxyribose D-ribose
Length up to 3 meters (entire genome) Much shorter than DNA.

What is the difference between DNA and RNA essay?

Thus, the major difference between DNA and RNA is that DNA is double-stranded and RNA is single-stranded. DNA is responsible for genetic information transmission, whereas RNA transmits genetic codes that are necessary for protein creation.

What is 10 difference between DNA and RNA?

But at the molecular level, all life is fundamentally made up of the same building blocks – DNA and RNA. One of the primary differences between DNA and RNA is that DNA is double-stranded while RNA is single-stranded….Differences Between DNA and RNA.

DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) RNA (Ribonucleic acid)
It has 2-deoxyribose. It has Ribose.

Is DNA better than RNA?

The deoxyribose sugar of DNA contains one less oxygen-containing hydroxyl group. DNA is a more stable nucleic acid. RNA, on the other hand, contains a ribose sugar and is more reactive than DNA. Therefore, DNA is a better genetic material than RNA.

What are the similarities between DNA and RNA?

Both DNA and RNA are made up of monomers called nucleotides.

  • Both RNA and DNA both have 3 nitrogenous bases: Adenine,Cytosine and Guanine.
  • They are both necessary for the cell to produce proteins.
  • DNA and RNA both contain pentose sugars.
  • DNA makes mRNA which then is translated into protein.
  • How does RNA compare to DNA?

    DNA has the bases adenine,thymine,guanine,cytosine. RNA has the bases adenine,uracil,guanine,cytosine.

  • DNA has sugar deoxiribose. RNA has sugar ribose.
  • DNA is double stranded. RNA is single stranded.
  • DNA can duplicate itself.
  • What are the base pairs of DNA and RNA?

    The base pairs in DNA are adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine. In RNA, they are adenine to uracil and guanine to cytosine. A base pair is made of two nucleotides. The nucleotides, located on opposite strands of DNA or RNA, are drawn to each other in a hydrogen bond. These bonds are what hold the strand together in a double helix formation.