What was found at Oxyrhynchus?

What was found at Oxyrhynchus?

At the turn of the last century, almost half a million fragments of papyri were uncovered at Oxyrhynchus. Though unknown to the general public, this is one of Egypt’s most important sites since among the texts were iconic records: fragments of the Gospel of Thomas and texts that illuminate the Classical histories.

Where are the Oxyrhynchus Papyri?

The focus of the project is the publication of papyri from the Oxyrhynchus Papyri Collection housed in the Sackler Library at Oxford. The collection comprises thousands of papyrus texts from ancient Oxyrhynchus and other sites in Egypt and is the largest collection of papyri in the world.

What is the meaning of Oxyrhynchus?

oxyrhynchus in British English (ˌɒksɪˈrɪŋkəs ) noun. a fish found in the Nile, sometimes depicted on Egyptian sculptures and coins.

How old is the Oxyrhynchus?

The Oxyrhynchus Papyri are the oldest manuscripts at The National Library of Wales. They comprise 3 ancient Egyptian fragments of papyrus, dating from 113 AD to the 4th century.

How old is Oxyrhynchus Papyri?

How strong is papyrus paper?

Egyptian Papyrus is strong and weighs approximately 120 gsm, making it ideal for painting, writing and drawing. You can also enjoy using papyrus in interior design and home decor as well as a large range of art projects.

What type of fish is Oxyrhynchus?

The oxyrhynchus fish (an African freshwater fish; the name means “sharp nosed” in Greek) was sacred to the goddess Hathor, and is usually shown wearing her crown of cow’s horns and sun disk on its head, an image that may have reproduced an actual temple cult statue.

Where is Oxyrhynchus located?

Oxyrhynchus was an ancient town in the north of Egypt (situated near the modern town of al-Bahnasa), approximately 160km southwest of Cairo on one of the Nile’s canals. Although it was a prosperous city during the Hellenistic and Roman periods, little remains of Oxyrhynchus today.

How long does papyrus paper last?

Papyrus scrolls were organized according to subject or author and identified with clay labels that specified their contents without having to unroll the scroll. In European conditions, papyrus seems to have lasted only a matter of decades; a 200-year-old papyrus was considered extraordinary.

Does papyrus rip easily?

Although the sheets would occasionally rip, the papyrus overall was very durable. I attribute the holes and scratches to the sharpness of the metal nib of the pen, rather than the fragile nature of the material.

How old is papyrus paper?

With minor variations, the papyrus roll was produced essentially the same way throughout its approximately 4,000-year history. In addition to its function as a material for writing, papyrus was used in rope, basketry, sandals (10.184.

What is the meaning of Oxyrhynchus 1?

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1 (P. Oxy. 1) is a papyrus fragment of the logia of Jesus written in Greek ( Logia Iesou ). It was among the first of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri discovered by Grenfell and Hunt.

Who discovered the Oxyrhynchus papyrus?

Bernard Pyne Grenfell and Arthur Surridge Hunt discovered this papyrus at Oxyrhynchus in Egypt, on the third or fourth day of excavation, January 13 or 14, 1897. Their findings were published in the first volume of The Oxyrhynchus Papyri in 1898.

How did Oxyrhynchus papyri survive the flood?

Another factor contributing to the survival of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri is the location of the city. As Oxyrhynchus lies on a branch of the Nile, rather than on the bank of that mighty river, the city is spared from the river’s annual inundation. Additionally, when the canals dried up, the water table fell and never rose again.

Where did the people of Oxyrhynchus throw away their rubbish?

For over a millennium, the inhabitants of the city would throw away their rubbish in a number of sites in the desert beyond the city limits. Amongst these items were texts written on papyri that the people of Oxyrhynchus no longer wanted. Map of the location of Oxyrhynchos (Oxyrhynchus). ( Public Domain )