Which food contains aflatoxin?

Which food contains aflatoxin?

Aflatoxins are a family of toxins produced by certain fungi that are found on agricultural crops such as maize (corn), peanuts, cottonseed, and tree nuts. The main fungi that produce aflatoxins are Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, which are abundant in warm and humid regions of the world.

Does cooking destroy aflatoxins?

1 Mycotoxins are resistant to heat Mycotoxins cannot be completely destroyed under normal cooking temperatures (100 to 210° C) and times (under 60 minutes).

Does rice have aflatoxin?

Rice can be contaminated by aflatoxins producing fungi when the climatic conditions become favorable for their growth in the field, during harvest, handling and storage [7,8]. The occurrence of aflatoxins in rice has been reported in several studies with a high prevalence in Asian countries [8,9].

Does cooking destroy aflatoxin?

What is the toxicity of aflatoxin B1?

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is the most toxic in aflatoxin family. It is well known for its involvement in hepatic carcinogenesis. Other adverse effects include immune weakness, reproduction deficiency, malnutrition, and growth impairment.

How do you get aflatoxin B1?

Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) is produced by the molds Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus which are able to contaminate food commodities. AFB1 is a potent carcinogen and poses human serious health hazards. Olives could support AFB1 production therefore its transfer into olive oil is possible.

Does roasting destroy aflatoxin?

Heat is relatively ineffective for destruction of aflatoxin although normal roasting, as of peanuts for the preparation of peanut butter, results in considerable reduction in aflatoxin content. Treatment withFlavobacterium aurantiacum removes aflatoxin and may be useful for beverages.

Does mushroom have aflatoxin?

Total seven categories of mushrooms and mushroom-based food products were ana- lyzed. Among them (6 samples) 85.72% of the total was found to be free from aflatoxins. On the other hand, 5.53282 µgkg -1 of aflatoxin B1 was found to be present in canned Button mushrooms (Agaricus spp).

Does peanut butter contain toxins?

3. Peanut Butter. Nuts are a very healthy source of protein and fat, but peanuts and peanut butter can contain aflatoxin. Aflatoxin is produced by species of the Aspergillus fungus, and has been connected to liver disease and liver cancer.