What is Coastal Regulation Zone in India?
As per the notification, the coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line (HTL) and a stage of 100m along banks of creeks, lagoons, estuaries, backwater and rivers subject to tidal fluctuations, is called the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ).
Which are coastal regulation zones?
Coastal Regulation Zones (CRZ) are the areas along the 7,500 km-long coastal stretch of India. Development of buildings, tourism infrastructure and other facilities is regulated in these areas by the Government of India.
What is Coastal Regulation Zone 1?
What is a Coastal Regulation Zone? Coastal Regulation Zones Act (CRZ) include creeks, bays, oceans, rivers, and backwaters that are impacted by tidal waves and forces and are up to 500 metres from the High Tide Line, as well as the land between the Low Tide Line and the High Tide Line.
What is Coastal Regulation Zone Notification 1991?
Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) notification was first issued in 1991 by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 with the mandate to take measures to protect and conserve our coastal environment.
How many coastal zones are in India?
The coastline is distributed among nine states and four union territories (UTs). Among the states, Gujarat has the longest coastline and among the UTs, Andaman and Nicobar Islands has the longest coastline….
|Coastal Plains in India||Special Economic Zones (SEZs)|
|Mangroves||Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats|
What is hazard line in CRZ?
The Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) rules have been amended to introduce a ‘hazard line’ along India’s 7,500 km coastline. This will take into account a possible rise in sea level due to climate change. The union environment ministry issued a notification to this effect on July 2 and made it public on July 10.
Which is the largest coastal area in India?
The islands of Andaman and Nicobar had the longest coastline in India, amounting to a little over 1,900 kilometers, followed by Gujarat. The state with the smallest coastline during the measured time period was the union territory of Daman and Diu.
What is Island Protection Zone?
The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified Island Protection Zone (IPZ) 2019 for Andaman and Nicobar, which allows eco-tourism projects 20 metres from the high tide line (HTL) in smaller islands like Baratang, Havelock and Car Nicobar and at 50 metres in larger ones and relaxed other norms.
Which state has 2 largest coastline in India?
Andhra Pradesh has the second-longest mainland coastline with a total length of 974 kilometers. Its coastal stretch extends between Ichchapuram of Srikakulam District to Tada of Nellore District.
Which is longest coastline in India?
The coastline is distributed among nine states and four union territories (UTs). Among the states, Gujarat has the longest coastline and among the UTs, Andaman and Nicobar Islands has the longest coastline.
Which state has largest coastline?
Gujarat has the longest mainland coastline in India. The total length of India’s coastline is 7516.6 kilometers. Of this, the mainland coastline length is 5422.6 kilometers whereas the island territories coastline length is 2094 kilometers.
What is CRZ III?
Category III (CRZ -III): Areas that are relatively undisturbed and those which do not belong to either Category I or II. These will include coastal zone in the areas (developed and undeveloped) and also areas within Municipal limits or in other legally designated urban areas which are not substantially built up.
Why was island protection zone 2011 introduced?
This notification reconcile three objectives: protection of livelihoods of traditional fisherfolk communities; preservation of coastal ecology; and promotion of economic activity that have necessarily to be located in coastal regions.
Is CRZ applicable to Andaman?
6. For computation of land area under ICRZ in Little Andaman, the area under coral reef is excluded and only 92.71 sq km falls under ICRZ within the land area, which is 13% of the total land area of Little Andaman.
Which state has smallest coastline in India?
Goa:- Goa being the smallest state of India has a coastline of only 160 km long.
Which Indian state has smallest coastline?
What is Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ)?
Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) In 1991, the Government of India issued a notification under the Environment Protection Act, 1986 administered by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) to protect and conserve the environment and ecosystem on the coastline of the country.
Why has the environment ministry relaxed coastal regulation zone rules?
The Environment Ministry has relaxed Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) rules that restrict construction near beaches to help States construct infrastructure and enable them to receive ‘Blue Flag’ certification. 13 beaches were selected by the Ministry for the certification.
What is the CO-Coastal Regulation Zone?
Coastal Regulation Zone along the country has been placed in four categories as per the CRZ Notification of 1991 until 2003. They are listed and described in the table below: Areas that are ecologically sensitive and essential for maintaining the ecosystem on the coast. Areas that are developed up to the shoreline of the coast.
When was the declaration of coastal stretches as Coastal Regulation Zones amended?
S.O.114 (E), [19/2/1991] – Declaration of Coastal Stretches as Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) amended 3/10/2001 (35.78 KB). 79. S.O.1243 (E), [15/09/2006] -Coastal Management Zone Notification, 2009. (2.37 MB).